Philippine Energy Plan 2016 - 2030

Introduction

As energy is vital to quality human life and the country’s economic growth, the Department of Energy (DOE) initiated the formulation of the 2016-2030 sectoral energy roadmaps that will set out specific actions and directions to drive the sector forward. Development of these roadmaps took into consideration the country’s long-term economic growth forecast, wealth of indigenous and natural resources, energy security and reliability goals, as well as measured respond to impacts of climate change.

These roadmaps cover collective efforts of the energy industry in exploring and harnessing all available energy sources in the country. The critical role of both renewable and conventional energy resources will continue to be reinforced as both resources will help mitigate increases in energy demand. Policies will also be in place to ensure that legitimate public concerns on environmental and social impact in the course of developing these resources are addressed.

Promoting energy access is the sector’s contribution to poverty alleviation and people empowerment. Thus, the Electrification Roadmap will ensure 100 percent household access to electricity services by 2020. This would empower local communities and boost countryside economic activities.

Initiatives on demand-side management and energy efficiency measures are considered prime areas of focus to temper the country’s energy requirements.

Each of the roadmaps is cognizant of the critical need to acquire and sustain substantial investments to ensure that energy projects are actualized in a timely manner.

And to further support the growing industrialization of the Philippines, the Department is in the process of formulating a responsive and dynamic energy mix, as well as establishing the local reserve requirements. Said mix is being developed to be technology neutral and will instead identify power requirement based on plant categorization. Based on the new energy mix policy for power generation, the power plant technologies considered per type of operation are as follows:

  • 70 percent baseload capacity from coal, geothermal, big hydropower, natural gas, nuclear and biomass (during availability of feedstocks)
  • 20 percent mid-merit capacities from natural gas
  • 10 percent of peaking capacities from oil-based plants and variable renewable energy such as solar photovoltaic (during daytime) and wind

Once it is firmed-up, the optimal energy mix policy will provide a clear direction for energy developers/investors to plan ahead with its business plans. Said policy can be best applied to island electrification in their power development planning and will provide energy planners and policy makers the platform for exploring the possibility of going nuclear. Likewise, for the energy sector, this policy is expected to address pressing issues such as the high cost of electricity, sporadic power interruptions, limited and unreliable transmission system, delayed and unpredictable permitting process in the application for power projects, limited power electricity market and electrification gaps in off-grid areas.

Click to view/download PDF file of the 2016-2030 Philippine Energy Plan

 

 

Philippine Energy Plan 2012 - 2030

image of 2012-2030 PEP covering page

I. OVERVIEW AND EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Guided by the overall vision of providing “Energy Access for More,” the 2012-2030 Philippine Energy Plan (PEP) seeks to mainstream access of the larger populace to reliable and affordable energy services to fuel, most importantly, local productivity and countryside development. The energy sector, mindful of its role in promoting better quality of life for the Filipino people, will ensure the delivery of secure, sustainable, sufficient, affordable and environment-friendly energy to all economic sectors. In pursuit of this goal, the government will mobilize private sector participation and involvement of other stakeholders to make power of choice a reality.

ENERGY REFORM AGENDA

image of the 2012-2030 PEP Framework

 

The ERA has outlined the following major pillars as its overall guidepost and direction: (a) Ensure energy security through the development of indigenous energy such as renewable energy and hydrocarbon fuels (oil, gas, and coal); (b) Achieve optimal energy pricing in electricity and oil; and, (c) Develop a sustainable energy system through the formulation and update of national plans and programs on energy development, which are consistent with the country’s economic development plans.

The 2012-2030 PEP is crafted with due consideration and premium on the economic parameters sourced from the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA), Development Budget Coordination Committee (DBCC), National Statistics Office (NSO) and international references on energy such as the World Energy Outlook of the International Energy Agency (IEA). For the medium-term, the 2012-2030 PEP is basically anchored on the policy framework set in place with the formulation of the Energy Reform Agenda (ERA). The ERA is consistent with national development directives such as the President’s Social Contract and the 2011-2016 Philippine Development Plan; and, responsive to long-term (beyond 2016) global policy frameworks on energy such as the UN Sustainable Energy for All Initiative and the APEC Green Growth Goals.

  • The President’s Social Contract

    The PEP is guided by the President’s Social Contract with the Filipinos. The plans and programs of PEP are responsive to the Social Contract’s pillars: a) Anticorruption/ transparent, accountable and participatory governance through our energy contracting rounds, Information, Education and Communication (IEC) and public consultation activities; b) Poverty reduction and empowerment of the poor through our programs on rural electrification, energy efficiency and conservation, and the provision of benefits to host communities; c) Rapid, inclusive and sustained economic growth through basically all our programs especially in improving the supply of energy products and services (both oil and electricity) nationwide to fuel the businesses and spur countryside development; d) Just and lasting peace and the rule of law starting with the efforts of the Department of Energy (DOE) in developing regional energy plans such as the Mindanao Energy Plan (MEP) to serve as the region’s energy roadmap; e) Integrity of the Environment and Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation with our accelerated programs on energy efficiency, renewable energy and alternative fuels; and, f) Gender Development, which is integrated in relevant plans and programs.

  • Philippine Development Plan (PDP) 2011-2016

    The energy sector contributes to the PDP’s goals of promoting inclusive growth and poverty reduction. The PEP programs on ensuring energy supply security and providing energization to the countryside are integral components of the national infrastructure development agenda as contained in the PDP. These energy commitments will support the PDP’s targeted outcomes of enhancing the country’s competitiveness, reducing gaps in basic services, and improving environmental quality.

  • UN Sustainable Energy For All Initiative Development

    is the biggest contributor of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, accounting for about 49.0 percent of the world’s total, the PEP contains the policies, plans and programs that will significantly contribute to the country’s transition towards a low carbon economy – an economy that generates minimal output of GHG emissions into the biosphere.

    In December 2010, the United Nations General Assembly declared the year 2012 as the International Year of Sustainable Energy for all. This global initiative engages the support of all governments, the private sector and civil society in ensuring universal access to modern energy services, double the global rate of energy efficiency by reducing energy use (14.0 percent) in 2030, double the share of and/or increase the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix from the current share of 15.0 percent.

  • ASEAN Plan of Action for Energy Cooperation (APAEC) 2010-2015

    The PEP supports and contributes to the regional action plans and targets as espoused in APAEC 2010-2015. APAEC is the regional framework of energy cooperation highlighting the role of energy under the ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint 2015. It aims to enhance regional energy security and sustainability through aggressive implementation of action plans of the different program components – (1) ASEAN Power Grid; (2) Trans-ASEAN Gas Pipeline; (3) Coal and Clean Coal Technology; (4) Renewable Energy; (5) Energy Efficiency and Conservation; (6) Regional Energy Policy and Planning; and, (7) Civilian Nuclear Energy.

    Among the regional targets set in APAEC to be achieved in 2015 are: (a) 8.0 percent (aggregate) energy intensity reduction based on 2005 level; and (b) increase share of renewable energy resources to total installed power generating capacity of the region by 15.0 percent.

  • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Green Growth

    This Plan also adheres to the APEC Green Growth Goals which include the following: a) rationalization/phase out of inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption; b) reduction of aggregate (regional) energy intensity by 25.0 percent in 2030 and 45.0 percent in 2035 (based on 2005 level) as aspirational goal; c) promote energy efficiency; and, d) incorporate low-emissions development strategies to economic development plans, among others

Click to view/download PDF file of the 2012-2030 Philippine Energy Plan