Oil Monitor as of 09 May 2018

WORLD OIL PRICES  (April 30-May 4, 2018 training days)

Dubai crude decreased week-on-week by about US$0.30 per barrel. MOPS gasoline and diesel decreased as well about by about US$0.40 and US$0.20 per barrel, respectively.

Reasons for the Adjustment

  • Fundamentals in the Asian gasoline market was balanced to slightly bearish, as buying interest remained steady while supply was expected to be high. Some supply are emerging from Taiwan and India..

  • Asian gasoil market have steady demand amid tight supply that kept the market supported. While the annual fishing ban in China has started, demand in India and Middle East was firm, the ban on fishing in the East China Sea and South China Sea from May to August is expected to cap demand. In the Middle East, gasoil demand is rising ahead of Ramadan, market traders said.

  • Factors affecting crude oil prices:

    • Analysts say oil prices remain relatively high supported by healthy demand and production cuts by the OPEC.

    • Oil prices however slightly fell this week, pulled down by a rise in U.S. crude inventories and record weekly U.S. production, which is countering efforts by producer cartel OPEC to cut supplies and prop up prices.

      • U.S. oil production hit a fresh record of 10.62 million bbl/day, higher than top exporter and OPEC-kingpin Saudi Arabia of 9.96 but lower than Russia that currently pumps oil at around 11 million bbl/day.

    • Expectation that the United States will re-impose sanctions against Iran remain a threat that could tighten global oil supplies. (The U.S. has until May 12 to decide whether it will leave a nuclear deal with Iran and impose new sanctions against Tehran).

      • Iran has revived its output to 3.82 million b/d in March, according to the latest S&P Global Platts OPEC survey, thus, any US action is expected to hit Iranian supplies.

    • U.S. sanctions on Russian companies and individuals and by fears Washington may take new measures against struggling Venezuela and especially OPEC member Iran.

    • Iran, faced with a possible restoration of U.S. sanctions, came out against higher oil prices, signaling a split with fellow OPEC member Saudi Arabia, which is showing a willingness to keep tightening crude markets.

      • According to Iran a “suitable price” for crude is $60 to $65 a barrel, contrary to Saudi Arabia that reportedly wants $80 a barrel to support the valuation of state energy giant Aramco before an initial public offering.

FOREX:  The value of Philippine peso per US dollar depreciated by P0.41 to P51.78, from P52.19 in previous week.

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Effective 08 May 2018, oil companies implemented a decrease of P0.30/liter for gasoline and diesel and P0.60/liter for kerosene.

Year-to-date adjustments are at net increase of P4.00/liter for gasoline and P4.95/liter for diesel and P4.90/liter for kerosene.

As monitored, shown below are the retail prices in Metro Manila beginning May 8, 2018.

Products Price Range Common Price
Diesel 39.05-45.13 44.35
Gasoline* 48.15-58.15 55.37
Kerosene 46.52-55.06 49.45
* RON 95


For more information, call the

Department of Energy
Pricing: 840-2187
LPG: 840-2130
Fuels: 840-5669
SMS: (0915) 4469421
Email: oilmonitor@doe.gov.ph
Website: https://www.doe.gov.ph


LPG Price Monitor as of 03 May 2018

LPG Contract Price (CP)

LPG Contract Price (CP), commonly called the “Saudi CP” is the primary driver of LPG pricing in the Far East including the Philippines. It is an international price benchmark set at the beginning of each month by Saudi Arabia’s state-owned oil company Saudi Aramco.

The DOE refer to the LPG/Saudi CP and forex monthly average changes in determining/ monitoring the price adjustments of LPG in the domestic market. Following the timing of the monthly changes in CP, domestic price of LPG also vary every first day of the month and remain constant throughout the whole month.

Like all other petroleum products, the Philippines has no influence over the LPG CP as the country’s domestic requirement is very small versus the world demand.

For the month of May, LPG Contract Price increased by US$32.00/MT to US$503.50/MT, from US$471.50/MT last month.


International LPG Market Development Positions

  • Saudi Aramco has set its May Contract Price for propane at $500/mt, up $25/mt from the April CP, and butane at $505/mt, $35/mt above the April CP;
  • The May propane and butane CPs are at the high end of traders' expectations;
  • Butane was priced higher than propane this time, compared to the $5/mt discount of it had commanded versus propane in the April CP, due to healthy demand for butane and evenly split cargoes from China, Indonesia and Taiwan.


Domestic Prices      

Oil companies increased the price of LPG effective 01 May 2018 by P1.90/kg or about P20.90/11-kg cylinder. Auto LPG likewise increased by P1.50/liter.

As of 03 May 2018, household LPG in Metro Manila ranges from P541.00 to P751.00 per 11-kilogram cylinder.


For more information, call the Department of Energy:
Pricing: 840-2187
LPG: 840-2130
Fuels: 840-5669
SMS: (0915) 4469421
Email: oilmonitor@doe.gov.ph
Website: www.doe.gov.ph